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COVID-19, the pandemic that held the world to a standstill

Identifying the virus and defining the disease in record time is only a couple of the advances highlighted. “The medical perspective will continue to change and although a cure is still not available we do have something to try to understand what happens both to symptomatic as well as to asymptomatic patients. Surely we know this virus better than many other diseases that are more frequent,” says infectologist Jorge Cortés.

For Professor Javier Porras, of the Institute of European Studies, the situation in Spain has been difficult for the political handling it has been given: “Nobody took the opportune measures and clearly time is of the essence; for instance, one of them was to maintain the VAT on surgical masks.”


The only experience that serves as a reference for a similar disease was the influenza pandemic in the United States of 1917, which had three resurgences (contagion waves.)

“In this case, there were resurgences during the summer in the northern hemisphere and we are starting a third wave, which has compelled countries to enter into yet another lockdown,” explained Professor Cortés.

“In Colombia, with all the isolation measures COVID-19 was controlled to some extent, in the sense that the limits of the healthcare system were not surpassed. Eventually, there was no second wave in intermediate and small cities such as Neiva, Ibagué, and Manizales,” said the expert.

Universidad Complutense de Madrid Professor Javier Voltaina, says: “The excess of information leads us to real disinformation: What society is producing, at least the Spanish, is that this is creating more confusion not provoked by them, and society reacts with skepticism, pessimism and with certain devaluation over the public institutions and disbelief towards the solution of the problem. On the contrary, in Asian countries, information is almost nil and these and other European countries like Finland are not good examples. In these regions the treatment of the pandemic should be valued from the social hierarchy perspective, still being a democracy does not question certain orders or suggestions from the government.”


Amid the race for a vaccine for COVID-19, in diverse parts of the world negationist groups emerged that reject not only the use of surgical masks but also the preventive isolation and the search for a cure.

Pontificia Universidad Católica (Brazil) Professor Thiago Rodríguez, says: “Jair Bolsonaro (President of Brazil) has positioned this new approach because his more radical and fundamentalist population of the country thinks like him. He lives in a parallel world, where he thinks his information is correct.”

According to the Colombian Ministry of Health and Social Protection, the country has 1,518,067 confirmed cases and more than 40,000 deaths due to the coronavirus. In the world, the contagion report surpasses 77 million and deaths are close to 1,700,000.

Listen to the complete radio program on COVID-19 in Spanish.

Read the special: “Education, health, economy, and other challenges in face of COVID-19”:



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