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    Use of Pakistan in Indian Politics

The recent victory of the Indian People's Party of Prime Minister Narendra Modi in the State  of Gujarat this last December confirms the majority of this party on 19 of the 29 states of the country.

Modi was elected because he applied a novel marketing strategy directed to the new middle class, which perceives traditional political leaders as corrupt, incompetent and without patriotic sensibility. This middle class has grown thanks to economic development and this has modified the borders of former political boundaries. Modi obtained the general perception of an honest person, generating trust in that he fulfills his objectives and therefore gain power, coming from outside of the system.

His message is still the same, and his actions and proposals have been consistent. His main proposal promotes a great India, not corrupt, taking care of the poor, far from the stale leadership of the Congress Party of Sonia Gandhi and now her son Rahul. In fact the popularity of Modi is greater than his own party according to a recent article written by Siddharth Shekhar Singh published in The Times of India, on December 20 past.

The victory of the BJP government party in Gujarat was preceded by an intense debate regarding the accusations of the government to the opposition on using Pakistan to influence the elections and the demand of the opposition to the government to apologize for this antipatriotic claim.

The Indian Prime Minister accused his antecessor Manmohan Singh of making an illegal pact with Pakistan to influence the elections of Gujarat. The accusation refers to a meeting between Singh former Indian vice-president Hamid Hansari with the High Commissioner and a former Chancellor of Pakistan.

Prime Minister Modi did never apologized and his party won the elections by a great margin, but it became clear that in this occasion like in a past, his strategy of placing Pakistan on the table is a sensible topic which brought him political clout.

Amid the sensible electoral climate, former prime minister Singh claimed that “Modi wnet to Pakistan , without being invited after the attacks of Udhampur and Gurdaspur and needs to explain why he invited the Islamic State to the Indian strategic base of Pathankot to investigate an attack coming Pakistan” (The Times of India, December 12/97). These are very serious accusations, explainable as an electoral strategy which was directed as heightening nationalism in both countries.

In the elections of 1990 in Pakistan, Nawaz Sharif-led, of the Islami Jamhoori Ithead (IJI) known as the Islamic Democratic Alliance in English, accused Benazir Bhutto of being a Indian agent and she suffered a crushing defeat. But in the elections of 2013, the winner Nawaz Sharif-led expressed his will to stabilize the relationships with India.

In an article published in Rumiyah, the Islamic State (ISIS), this group calls on the Muslims of Kashmir (in the north of India) to behead soldiers of India and Pakistan and support ISIS with the claim that both of these countries have despised them since the separation of 1947.

Indian analyst Manoj Joshi member of the Observer Research Foundation, a leading think-tank, claims that “A solution to the Indian-Pakistani will only be achieved after Pakistan is a normal state with a stable democracy. We need to strengthen the democracy in Pakistan and India and Pakistan must stop using terrorism as a political instrument  of the government. Only then, will diplomacy really begin its task (Times of India, December 16/17).

Other analysts claim that the difficult relation between India with Pakistan is the power duality in the latter, where the military have a decisive role over the civil government. As claimed by Indian Times of India reporter Swagato Ganguly, who says that “After of every attempt of a civil government, the military recoil, as they have strong institutional interests of normal relations between India and Pakistan”.

After the attacks of Pathankot and Uri in 2016, the talks between the two countries was suspended and the visa issuance stopped and there was an Indian military response and now the consensus is that he current challenge is the tightening relationships between Pakistan and China.

India has attempted to isolate Pakistan but as Times of India editor Indrani Bagchi says, “This is not easy, because it has been an ally of the west and because Pakistan spends since the 50s, 65% of its budget in defense, claiming external threats, developing nuclear weapons and supporting terrorist actions, according to India.

Meanwhile, Pakistan has barred 10 non-governmental organizations, inclusively charity organizations, accusing them of using their work to cover their espionage actions. Soe of thses organizations include George Soro’s Open Society Foundation and Doctors without Borders which also has presence in Afghanistan (Times of India Mumbai, December 14/17).

These quarrels are part of the constant pugnacity between these two nations, leading the President of the United States Donald Trump of accusing Pakistan of providing safe harbor to the Islamic State.